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Citing Your Sources

This guide will help you cite your sources properly and avoid plagiarism in your writing

Facts About Plagiarism

Did you know...

  • A study by The Center for Academic Integrity found that almost 80% of college students admit to cheating at least once.

  • According to a survey by the Psychological Record 36% of undergraduates have admitted to plagiarizing written material.

  • A poll conducted by US News and World Reports found that 90% of students believe that cheaters are either never caught or have never been appropriately disciplined.

Read more facts at

Why Bother to Cite Your Sources?

Citing the sources you use when writing any paper is all about giving credit where credit is due. Using the words and ideas of other people without giving them credit is plagiarism and is considered academic misconduct which may result in serious disciplinary consequences. But learning to cite your sources isn't just about avoiding consequences, it's about developing adacemic integrity, a quality that will benefit you in every aspect of your education.

Which Style Guide Should You Use?

Once you have decided on a topic for your research, here are tips to help you decide which citation style to use.

    1. Follow the format your professor suggests.

    2. Ask your professor what to use if no format was assigned.

    3. If you have no advice from your professor, try these:

      Humanities (especially literature or languages)
      Modern Language Association (MLA) Handbook

      Social sciences (especially psychology and behavioral science)
      American Psychological Association (APA) Publication Manual

      Physical and natural sciences
      CSE (Council of Scientific Editors) Manual

      A Student's Guide to History by Jules Benjamin

      A general guide
      Turabian is used by students in all disciplines. It is designed to complement the Chicago Manual of Style, but be simpler and easier to use.

      A very detailed guide
      The Chicago Manual of Style is used by scholarly writers in all disciplines. It contains two separate styles, one for writers in literature, history, and the arts, and one for writers in the physical, natural and social sciences.


Take Our Poll

Have you ever ... ? Check any where your answer is YES.

Take Our Poll
Cheated on a test or exam?: 10 votes (9.52%)
Copy and pasted from the Internet or other sources without citing it?: 3 votes (2.86%)
Used a paper you turned in for another course without first checking with your professor?: 2 votes (1.9%)
Been caught or known someone else caught cheating?: 4 votes (3.81%)
Waited until the last minute to start a research project?: 48 votes (45.71%)
I can honestly say I've never plagiarized.: 38 votes (36.19%)
Total Votes: 105
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