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Citing Your Sources: Citation examples

This guide will help you cite your sources properly and avoid plagiarism in your writing

Citation examples: Books

The examples provided below apply to the Chicago Notes-Bibliography option.  The second line is usually indented 5 spaces.

Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher, Year.

Single author
Franklin, John Hope. George Washington Williams: A Biography. Chicago:
    University of Chicago Press, 1985.

Two or three authors
Kernighan, Brian W., and Dennis M. Ritchie. The C Programming Language.
    Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1978.

Editor or compiler as author
von Hallberg, Robert, ed. Canons. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1984.

Article or chapter in a book
Beech, Mary Higdon. “The Domestic Realm in the Lives of Hindu Women in
    Calcutta.”  In Separate Worlds: Studies of Purdah in South Asia, edited
    by Hanna Papnanek and Gail Minaul, 110-38. Delhi: Chanakya, 1982.

Citation examples: Periodicals

The examples provided below apply to the Chicago Notes-Bibliography option.

Lastname, Firstname. “Title of Article.” Title of Periodical vol# (Year): Pages.

Article in a scholarly journal
Jackson, Richard. "Running Down the Up-Escalator: Regional Inequality in Papua
    New Guinea." Australian Geographer 14 (1979): 175-84.

Entire issue or special section of a journal
Good, Thomas, ed. “Non-subject-matter Outcomes of Schooling.” Special issue,
    Elementary School Journal 99, no. 5 (1999).

Article in a popular magazine
Weber, Bruce. "The Myth Maker: The Creative Mind of Novelist E. L. Doctorow." U.S.
    News and World Report, October 1985, 42.

Article in a newspaper
Camille, Andre. "Deciding Who Gets Dibs on Health-Care Dollars." Wall Street Journal,
    (March 27, 1984): Section 1.

Periodical published annually
Wilson, G. M. 1917. A Survey of the Social Business Use of Arithmetic. In Sixteenth
    Yearbook of the National Society for the Study of Education
, 20-22. Bloomington
     IL. Public School Publishing Co.

Citation examples: Electronic Resources

The examples provided below apply to the Chicago Notes-Bibliography option.

Note:  Internet sources often don't provide the extensive citation information that most print sources do.  Therefore, include as much information as possible such as author/sponsor, website title, and URL. Many web resources are created by an institution or organization (a "corporate author") rather than an individual.

World Wide Web

Apple Computer. "QuickTime Pro 7.7 - Technical Specifications."
    Apple Computer Support. Last modified November 8, 2012. Accessed
    January 3, 2011.

Mortimer, Gail. “The William Faulkner Society Home Page.”

Article From A Library Database

Haglund, David, and Tudor Onea. "Victory without Triumph: Theodore Roosevelt,
    Honour, and the Alaska Panhandle Boundary Dispute." Diplomacy & Statecraft 19,
    no. 1 (2008): 20-41. doi:10.1080/09592290801913692 .

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